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Simple Decimal to BCD conversion function

Converts a decimal number to its BCD equivalent.

e.g. 27 is returned as &h27 (39 decimal)

This is useful for writing to device registers that require BCD to hold a value rather than binary. An example here is the registers inside popular Real Time Clock chips (DS3231, etc). Consider the day-of-month register. The bottom nibble holds the units and the top nibble holds the tens. A value of 31 decimal cannot be written directly into the register as this would result in the value &h1F being written - which is illegal.

The following function takes a decimal value and returns the same positional digits as a hex number, so in the example above, 31 decimal would be returned as 31 hex (49 decimal). this would result in the legal values of 3 being written to the top nibble of the register and 1 written to the bottom nibble.


Option default integer
For n=1 To 20
	Print n, BCD(n),Hex$(BCD(n))

The Code

	Function BCD(x As integer) As integer
	End Function

There are no checks that the number you pass will fit, use your skill and judgement

mmbasic/simple_decimal_to_bcd_conversion_function.txt · Last modified: 2024/01/19 09:30 by